Among all the bizarre bureaucratic tangles that keep surfacing periodically in our country, the case of teachers’ education in Rajasthan must take the top prize. Like the rest of the country, teacher’s education colleges in the state offer B Ed, M Ed and Ph D degrees. But, unlike anywhere else, Rajasthan’s teachers colleges are administered by the Directorate of Secondary School Education. Their degrees are from universities in the state, the entrance examination is conducted by universities, the students have already done graduation and are seeking additional qualification – but the administrative control is with the school education bureaucrats. You might be thinking that how does it matter who runs the colleges. But, like all bureaucratic tangles, this is just the tip of the iceberg.
Roughly 30 percent of students are concentrated in teacher education programs. Through its main emphases — health, education, leadership and psychology — TC prepares educators, psychologists, policy makers and planners for the challenges they will face in their careers.
Who teaches the aspiring secondary school teachers? According to the University Grants Commission, teachers in higher education institutions offering degree courses must be armed at least with PhD’s or MPhil’s and must have cleared the National Eligibility Test (NET) or its equivalent. In Rajasthan, this is not needed – you can do an MA and BEd, and become a lecturer in a teacher’s college. So, future teachers are being educated by underqualified teachers.
Moreover, unlike their counterparts in other colleges, lecturers in teachers’ colleges in Rajasthan do not have to go through any re-fresher course or in-service training. Their pay scales too are not those of usual college teachers, but those of school teachers.
There are about 480 teacher’s education colleges in Rajasthan recognized by the National Council of Teachers Education, a statutory body since 1995. Every year over 52,000 students get BEd/MEd. degrees from these colleges and go on to become teachers in schools. In 2005, there were nearly 4 lakh school teachers in the state.
The college has been bringing out a quarterly newsletter “Deepan” since 2016. It contains the details of all the curricular and co-curricular activities of B.Ed and M.Ed Courses undertaken during the preceding quarter of its publication. As the College is also a College for Teacher Education (CTE) upgraded in 1989 by MHRD, New Delhi the newsletter also publishes all the programmes related to CTE i.e organising of training programmes for Government Senior Teachers in School Teaching Subjects, and also the Theme-based programmes. Under Theme-based programmes the Orientation Courses on Action Research, Yoga, Peace Education, Information & Communication Technology, and Women & Child Development, etc come. The newsletter publishes the names of Resource Persons who deliver lectures in training programmes of both types. The Research Projects & On-site Support Programmes done by the teaching staff of College are also mentioned in the newsletter. It thus is a mirror of College activities.